CNC lathe conversion -14
These lathe CNC conversion posts are probably becoming a bit tiresome, but just in case there is someone out there who is interested, I will continue until the job is finished.
The latest was to make and install a spindle speed (and position – thanks David M) sensor. It consists of a disk with a slot cut in the periphery, attached to the main spindle. And an opto-electronic sensor which is connected to its own electronic board, thence to the breakout board and VSD.
So there is one electronic impulse per spindle revolution. That is enough to measure the RPM’s. Essential for cutting threads.
The beauty of this system is that there is no gear selection or changing, and ANY thread pitch can be selected… metric, imperial, BA etc… any odd ball thread that your heart desires.
I don’t know about anyone else, but I am finding this post very interesting.
Peter W Viggers 0429 184 092
You are such a perfectionist! Of course, that is what is needed to do a proper CNC lathe conversion, much less machine anything.
I’ve learned so much from following your blog. I like the proposal of a clear polycarbonate cover on the HTD so you can see the gears and belt move.
Can’t wait to see what you make when it’s done!
Thanks Richard. I am pleased that I am not the only odd ball.
The one slot disc is used to synchronise the drop in point for thread cutting, not for speed sensing ie position sensing.
When the saddle moves back to the start point for a second cut the relationship between the angular position of the work and the cutting tool is lost.
The CNC controller will have the saddle wait at a pre-defined position until the work rotates to the right angular position before a second or further cut is started. The time to start the cut is indicated by the single slot disc.
I would expect that threading will start when the signal from the optointerrupter changes from high to low or low to high, depending on how the CNC controller is set up. (Edge triggered) As an aside this why that, within reason, the slot width doesn’t matter.
The effect is similar to using the chasing dial on a conventional lathe to select the start point for threading.
Hi David and thank you for your comments which are obviously correct about the threading drop in point. I will be controlling the lathe with Mach 3, and I think that I am correct in saying that the RPM displayed on Mach 3 comes from the slotted disk – sensor.
A speed display is a convenience from the single slot disc. It could be just as easily available from an eight or sixteen (or more) slot wheel.
A CNC lathe doesn’t need the single slot disc if you are-
1/ not doing threading.
2/ not needing the derived speed from the sensor for closed loop speed control of the variable speed headstock drive. In this case more slots might give better control at the expense of a higher pulse rate. Especially with sluggish optocouplers.
Essentially the single slot disc provides an angular reference so that threading begins at the same point for each pass of the cutting tool.
I think it is very interesting.
Thanks John. I wasn’t getting any feedback, so I was considering options. John
In the middle of my own CNC lathe project. Having yours so well documented has helped me quiet alot thank you.
Where did you get the taper lock pulleys from?
Hi Josh and thanks for the nice feedback. The taper locks came from Naismith Engineering in Melbourne. They were very helpful and have an excellent mail order service. John.